Orthopaedic Knowledge Resource

What is Arthroscopy? Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which a small fiberoptic telescope (arthroscope) is inserted into a joint. Fluid is then inserted into the joint to distend the joint and to allow for the visualization of the structures within that joint. The inside joint picture is transmitted via a camera to a screen/monitor. The surgery is viewed on a monitor so that the whole operating team and the patient is aware of the type of surgical procedure that is being performed.Read more..

What is our knee made of?
The knee is the largest joint in the body, and one of the most easily injured. It is made up of the lower end of the thighbone (femur) which rotates on the upper end of the shinbone (tibia), and the knee cap (patella) which slides in a groove on the end of the femur. The knee also contains large ligaments which help control motion by connecting bones and bracing the joint against abnormal types of motion. Other parts of your knee, like cartilage, serve to cushion your knee or help it absorb shock during motion.Read more..

ACL Injuries
The ACL prevents the shinbone from sliding forwards beneath the thighbone. The ACL can be injured in several waysRead more..

What is low back pain?
Low back pain is one of the most common afflictions in our society. Almost every person will have at least one episode of low back pain at some time in his or her life. The pain can vary from severe and long term to mild and short-lived. It will resolve within a few weeks for most people.Read more..

What are the common back pain treatment options?
Treatments for back pain are multiple and varied. At times, counselling and education about the problem to ease a person’s anxiety is enough to make it tolerable until the episode resolves. A few days of rest can often calm down the pain as well. Prolonged bed rest (more than 2 days to 3 days) is no longer generally recommended. Medications such as non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be helpful. Occasionally stronger medications such as muscle relaxants and narcotics are used for a short period.
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What is Herniated Disk or Slipped Disk?
You’ve probably heard people say they have a “slipped” or “ruptured” disk in their neck or lower back. What they’re actually describing is a herniated disk, a common source of neck, or lower back and arm or leg pain.Disks are soft, rubbery pads found between the hard bones (vertebrae) that make up the spinal column. In the middle of the spinal column is the spinal canal-a hollow space that contains the spinal cord and other nerve roots. The disks between the vertebrae allow the back to flex or bend. Disks also act as shock absorbers.Read more..

Why should scoliosis be early detected?
The importance of early detection – Tips for Parents Idiopathic scoliosis can go unnoticed in a child because it is rarely painful in the formative years. Therefore, parents should watch for the following “tip-offs” to scoliosis beginning when their child is about 8 years of ageRead more..

What is Sciatica / Radiculopathy
If you suddenly start feeling pain in your lower back or hip that radiates down from your buttock to the back of one thigh and into your leg, your problem may be a protruding disk in your lower spinal column pressing on the roots to your sciatic nerve. Sciatica (lumbar radiculopathy) may feel like a bad leg cramp that lasts for weeks before it goes away. You may have pain, especially when you sit, sneeze or cough. You may also feel weakness, “pins and needles” numbness, or a burning or tingling sensation down your leg. See a doctor to have your condition diagnosed and start a course of treatment.
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Is Spinal Stenosis a cause of back pain?
Back aches and pains are a health concern for millions of people. Nearly 29 million Americans saw their doctors because of back and low back pain in 2002. There may be many reasons for backaches and pains. One cause could be spinal stenosis.Read more..

What is spondylolysis?
The most common X-ray identified cause of low back pain in adolescent athletes is a stress fracture in one of the bones (vertebrae) that make up the spinal column. Technically, this condition is called spondylolysis (spon-dee-low-lye-sis). It usually affects the fifth lumbar vertebra in the lower back, and much less commonly, the fourth lumbar vertebra.Read more..

Common Sports Injuries and Treatment?                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sports injuries are not uncommon. Any part of the body like shoulder, leg, neck, knee and ankle can be prone to damage. And sports injury treatment may involve exercises, physical therapy, medication and even surgery. Read more..

Sports Injuries and Treatment? Sports injuries related to the spine are not uncommon. Lower back injury, neck injury and upper back injury involving various parts of the spine may cause serious health issues. Sports that involve repetitive impact, twisting motion or weight lifting cause lower back injury. Sports involving contact like football may cause damage to the neck. Again activities that involve mid portion of the spine lead to upper back injury.Read more..

Why do women have more knee pain than men? Knee pain affects both men and women. Contrary to the popular belief, knee pain is not limited to sports and recreational activities. Many people who are not involved in sports and recreational activities also experience knee pain. But women are more susceptible to knee injuries, as compared to men. In female athletes, the rate of Anterior Knee Pain and Anterior Cruciate Ligament is higher as compared to the male athletes.Read more..